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Here you will find important documents about halal and haram in Islam when it comes to food and food products.
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Halal & Haram

What is the meaning of "Halal"? Halal is an Islamic word which means permitted. It refers to things or actions that are permissible under Islam, and is typically used to describe something that is permissible for a Muslim to make or participate in such as eat, drink, consume, manage and use. For a food product or service is deemed Halal, it must follow the Islamic rules contained in the Koran, the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) traditions and the Islamic schools of law.

What is the meaning of "Haram"?
The word Haram means unlawful or prohibited and is contrary to the word Halal.

Examples of haram products are:
- Swine / pork and its by-products.
- To give or receive interest on money or a loan.
- Animals slaughtered incorrectly or killed before slaughter.
- Gelatin and additives made ??from pork or pork products.
- Animals not slaughtered in the name of Allah.
- Alcohol and all forms of intoxicating and hazardous drinks.
- Carnivorous animals, birds of prey and more.
- Pests such as rats, centipedes, scorpions and other similar animals.
- Animals considered repulsive generally like lice, flies, maggots and other similar animals.
- Animals that live both on land and in water such as frogs, crocodiles and other similar animals.
- Blood and offal of blood.

For a food to be considered halal, it must meet the following Terms:

  • It must be free of prohibited substances or components
  • It must not come into contact with a prohibited substance or product in the manufacture, production, processing, storage and transport.
  • Preservatives, colors, flavors, or additives is Halal.
  • If there is meat in the food, so it must be from a halal animal.
Halal Slaughtering
The Purpose of halal slaughtering is to relieve the pain that the animal is exposed to at the time of slaughter. One of the primary criteria for the meat to be allowed to eat according to Islam is that it has been slaughtered according to Islamic shariah. An animal is not allowed to eat it have died, strangled, beaten unconscious, fell headlong, impaled by a horn or convicted of wildlife.

For meat to be permissible to eat, it must have been slaughtered by a cut across her throat deep enough to reach the trachea, esophagus, carotid arteries, but that the spinal cord is cut. Halal slaughter is the most humane method of slaughtering an animal. This is also the method approved by the U.S. Congress. (Source: http://www.cornell.edu) .

Guidelines for proper halal slaughter:

  • The animal must be healthy and without injuries.
  • The animal should be treated with compassion and dignity.
  • The animal must have food and water and calmed before slaughter.
  • The slaughter must be performed by a trained Muslim. The butcher should always maintain eye contact with the animal.
  • Both animals and butchers are turning in Quibla (toward Mecca).
  • Before slaughter recited the words "Bismillah, Allahu Akbar" (in the name of God, God is greatest). This means that Muslims do not take the animal's life on his own, without the creator's authority.
  • One should sharpen slaughter knife. The knife must be sharpened and tested before and after each animal slaughtered.
  • The knife should be held in a single unbroken movement.
  • The esophagus, trachea and carotid arteries by without spinal cord injury.
  • An animal may not see another animal die.
  • They'll slaughter an animal at a time and under conditions that ensure that the individual animal handled as gently and carefully as possible.
  • The blood must be completely discharged.
  • All meat will be done without prior stunning, but if it is law to stunning as some Muslim scholars allowed it, provided that the animal is not dead prior to slaughter.

Halal Economy of Islam
In order a financial product or service to be considered as halal in Islam, it must meet three basic requirements:

  • Free from Riba (usury, interest), which is strictly forbidden in Islam.
  • You may not engage in transactions in industries or companies with business that is Haram.
  • Avoiding "Gharar", an Islamic finance term describing a risky or hazardous sale, where details of sales of the object is unknown or uncertain. Gharar is generally prohibited by Islam, which explicitly prohibits trafficking considered to have excessive risk due to uncertainty.

More about halal slaughter:
- Halal slaughter, with respect for the animals
- The dispute over halal meat
- Halal slaughter
- أحكام الذبائح فى الإسلام وتعدد وسائل الذبح في هذا العصر

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